Graduate Required Courses
Arch 501 - Core Design Studio I
RON WITTE - 100
It has been clear for decades that architecture can’t be introduced through some set of fundamental exercises without already invoking the full breadth and sophistication of architecture’s conceptual range (its subjectivities, its ideologies, its potentials). Since at least the 1960s, many have argued that architecture has no certainties at its center and, therefore, no canonical baseline. Prior to that, a de facto truism stipulated that it was impossible to begin architecture without an initiation in essential, even universal understandings about drawing types, building systems, cities, compositions, and histories, among other subjects. The starting point for ARCH 501 lies in a goading relationship between these two positions. It begins with the premise that there is no drawing, no piece of steel, no window, no city, and no elementary state that is not fully loaded with ideas. And, in turn, there is no theory, no speculation, and no ambition that can find traction without an expansive complement of sewers, floor plans, door knobs, spreadsheets, and moment diagrams. ARCH 501 will introduce architecture as a sticky undertaking that, beyond binding these frameworks to one another, uses each to accelerate the others.
Arch 502 - Core Design Studio II
MARK WAMBLE - CLUB LIFE: STRATEGIES FOR AN URBAN COMPOUND
This studio will address the design of an Urban Compound. The idea of a compound, urban or otherwise, is shaped by the organization of diverse activities distributed across discreet zones within a single site and with limited orientation to the outside. Often, these activities are arranged with a strong inward focus by way of a common space, or set of spaces designed to mediate the interaction of internal activities. The site for the compound you will design is near the intersection of Bissonnet Street and Kirby Drive in Houston, Texas. The program for the Urban Compound is a day-to-night club called Club Life. Theoretical issues engaged by the design of this compound will relate urban continuity to architectural form, and architectural form to a saturated leisure program operating around the clock. Each of these issues will invoke the need for students to claim a new and relevant definition of architectural edge, developed to manage spatial relationships at both the interior and exterior limits of the site.
Arch 503 - Core Design Studio III
SECTION 1 - CARLOS JIMÉNEZ - RE-FORMING AND REPRESENTING A CIVIC COMPLEX
SECTION 2 - DAWN FINLEY - RE-FORMING AND REPRESENTING A CIVIC COMPLEX
SECTION 3 - DAVID COSTANZA - RE-FORMING AND REPRESENTING A CIVIC COMPLEX
This studio examines issues of program, form, and technology to identify how public architecture represents itself as a cultural and political artifact. Rather than understand architecture as autonomous from its social, cultural and political environment, the studio posits that architecture must be integrated and potentially transform the systems that envelope it. The studio uses a new civic hybrid building as a vehicle to develop projective, speculative experiments that reframe the problems of the contemporary city through architecture.
Arch 504 - Core Design Studio IV
SECTION 1 - JESÚS VASSALLO - TEXAS DENSE
The approach of the studio is architectural and based on different layers of typological reading and innovation, but the scale of the project is close to planning. The studio emphasizes the creative reading of a place as the start engine of the design process. This is the first studio in the core sequence in which the students are exposed to working at an urban scale. The students also engage the city of Houston and its current dynamics of redevelopment in a critical manner. Real sites and development programs are introduced, allowing for a conversation with developers and land-owners. This is a unique opportunity for the students to tackle this kind of condition from the independence of an academic setting, before entering the profession.
SECTION 2 - DAISY AMES - HOUSTON HAPPLANSTANCE
In the fourth semester, core studio students will apply the skills and ideas of spatial relations developed in previous
semesters to a broader, more complex context. Designing at the urban scale requires a new set of precedents,
vocabulary, and understanding of constituents—particularly those related to the public realm. Housing as a program
requires an intrinsic analysis of the human condition in order to produce adequate and contemporary dwelling units.
Furthermore, a facade detail, with which much of the practice of architecture is consumed, relies on a thoughtful and
intimate application of scale with grave implications. These three phases - urban design, dwelling unit and facade detail -
will be the way this studio project, housing in Houston, Texas, will be approached and critiqued.
Arch 601 - Totalization
SECTION 1 - ANDREW COLOPY - NATURALLY SYNTHETIC
Plastic is superficial. Fake. Cheap. Disposable. Hard, soft, shiny, matte, smooth, rough, transparent, translucent, opaque. So contradictory in its material qualities, plastic is rendered virtually immaterial. Plastic is all of those things that architecture –
significant, authentic, valuable, lasting -- is not. NATURALLY SYNTHETIC will build upon the research undertaken in prior iterations of the course, examining the status and potential for plastic in architecture. To build depth and specificity in the investigation, this semester will emphasize a developing class of materials known as biocomposites. The intent is to further pin down particular qualities of these amorphous materials, to lend definition and legibility by making explicit use of their weak tendencies. To guide this research, the studio will emphasize the development of a speculative building envelope that incorporates the use of biocomposites as part of a totalizing architectural proposal.
SECTION 2 - TROY SCHAUM - FRIENDS INCLUDED
Changes in zoning code, growth of adult single households and co-living arrangements, and the proliferation of life-management apps have led to an explosion interest housing typology. Currently there are projects now underway or recently completed in over different ten cities across the United States in the past two years. The studio will explore and critique the housing type, which is being updated and renewed with attention from several sectors. It will interrogate the kinds of innovations in habitation that micro-housing hopes to establish, and unpack the relationships this new program seeks to engender amongst its occupants.
SECTION 3 - WILLIAM CANNADY AND DOUGLAS OLIVER - OPEN PLAN
In America the pursuit of the ideal work environment for office workers datesback to Wrights’ Larkin building of 1909. Kenneth Frampton remarks “It was in fact, a totally hermetic citadel; a compensatory semipublic realm within which the new industrial democracy couldbe brought to realize its essentially secular Protestant ethos thru the daily sacrament of work.”In New York in the 1920s, ornate skyscrapers; many the tallest buildings in the world at the time of their completion, began to rise in lower Manhattan. The Woolworth and Singer buildings were Iconic towers that were intended to signal the wealth and success of the men who constructed them. Post war, the rise of the Corporation as a ‘faceless’ business entity is best manifest in the beautiful neutrality and opennessof Mies’ Seagram building on Park Avenue but it fathers countless vapid clones. The towers developed along Sixth Avenue are perhaps the most acute examplein Manhattanof the ’neutral’ architecture symbolicallyrequired by the corporation at mid-century.Yamasaki’s twin towersredefined the skyline of Manhattan and the symbolic power of the tall building was brought home in theirdestructionand their absence has forever changed the way in which New Yorkers imagine the city. In many ways the architectural history of New York is defined by the history of the tall office building.
Arch 602 - Architectural Problems
SECTION 1 - TATIANA BILBAO - OPEN HOUSING FOR AFFORDABLE VERTICAL HOUSING IN MEXICO CITY
The idea of the studio is to explore a new typology for
vertical affordable housing in the center of cites all over
Mexico. Searching for a replicable scheme or strategy,
each student will work on one of the given site in Mexico
City. The project aims to develop architectural solutions
to a flexible structure that allows for expansion so the
developer can sell the potential to grow in order to make
the complex economically viable.
SECTION 2 - ALBERT POPE - THE PROBLEM OF DENSITY
The studio will work on a new model of density through the design of
a single housing tower. Following the design of the tower, it will be
duplicated to achieve 10,000 units at a density of 200 acres per unit
and an approximate floor area ratio of 4.2. The completed project
will house approximately 29,000 people. Forefront among the questions
asked over the course of the semester is whether an entire program
of urban reform be carried by the design of a single building?
SECTION 3 - RON WITTE - THE CULTURE CONTRACT: A MUSEUM IN BERLIN
A building is only architecture when it contracts with culture.
Curiously, as essential as they are to what we do, culture and
contract are also among the more enigmatic threads in
architecture’s composition. The histories, presents, and futures of
architecture depend on how we define these terms and, in turn,
how we understand architecture’s role in asserting a certain, if
unstable, relationship between them.
Arch 620 - Architectural Problems Paris Program
TARIK OUALALOU, LINNA CHOI & JOHN J. CASBARIAN - INHABITING INFRASTRUCTURE
The goal of the studio is to explore the implications, challenges and opportunities of architectural scale in large urban infrastructures. The capacity to merge urban and architectural scales through radical exploration of the ambiguity between superstructure (above ground) and infrastructure (below) creates an opportunity to escape the plan-based tradition of urbanism and explore sectional strategies. The notion of inhabited infrastructures is a way to move beyond the traditional understanding of cityscape (street, urban block, lot, building) and explore inversions and mutations of these four scales of urban fabric, not as a way to erase the city but as a way to invent different strategies to intervene in metropolitan contexts that are incredibly layered, complex, and intertwined. These explorations are especially relevant in contexts where the city fabric is interrupted by geographical barriers
that create edge conditions (e.g., the Seine in Paris).
There is a very long tradition of inhabited infrastructures; historically, inhabited bridges created a continuity of the urban fabric in discontinuous situations (the bridge is literally a street within). With the emergence of urbanism as an independent discipline, this tradition has disappeared. Attempts at reviving this trajectory emerged in the 60’s and 70’s with the utilization of overblown architectural scales as a territorial device. From Superstudio to Rem Koolhaas, these strategies were mostly critical projects and apparatuses, pretexts for a new architectural discourse.
While addressing issues of scale and ‘bigness,’ this studio will aim to develop plausible, buildable structures that react to site conditions, program, and technical realities. In this case, size matters and it will be the driving force to explore the threshold between architectural practice and urban discourse.
Arch 702 - Pre-Thesis Preparation: Design Research
Thesis at Rice is the culmination of the Master of Architecture curriculum and, as such, it is the moment when the student contributes to and advances the discipline. Students participate in thesis preparation during their penultimate semester; the aim of this course is to locate potential thesis topics and hone those topics by situating them within a lineage of architectural and urban paradigms. The aim is also to develop and rehearse a focused argument for your particular approach to the topic. The thesis design project tests this approach in a project, the underpinnings of which seek a synthesis of intellectual and design objectives. Thesis concludes with a public final review, where the project is evaluated both on its own terms and within the broader field of contemporary architectural discourse. Thesis work spans two semesters. This first semester is aimed at the articulation of a Thesis Proposal. The thesis proposal should clearly outline the problem to be addressed, its architectural implications, and its projected material results. It is essential that the proposal present a concept, design methodology, site, and program for the project. In short, the thesis proposal poses a question that motivates and provokes design work in the semester to follow. An annotated reading list and/or catalog of informational resources should also be included.
Arch 703 - Design Thesis
Arch 507 Technology I - The Frame
This course introduces students to structural concepts that can be applied to a wide range of buildings. These concepts are placed in a context of material properties, natural forces, industrial systems, construction techniques, economic imperatives, sustainability, programmatic requirements, and architectural ideas to examine what factors drive the selection of structural systems. The first semester explores the trabeated frame as a structural system.
Arch 509 Technology II - The Shell
This course explores continuous structural systems including slabs, shells, shear planes, and monocoque, where structural members merge into an undifferentiated whole. This concept is placed in a context of material properties, structural behavior, natural forces, industrial systems, construction techniques, economic imperatives, sustainability, programatic requirements, and architectural ideas to examine what factors drive the selection of structural systems. Lectures focus on structural concepts, illustrated with wide variety of built examples from throughout the world. Home works focus on calculation, using structural analysis software. The final project involves the design, detailing, and calculation of a structural system for a selected program. As an extension of Technology I, this course explores the consequences of continuous structures and rigid connections, then moves on to non-orthogonal and undifferentiated systems.
Arch 514 Technology III - The Envelope
The “Building Envelope” refers to the exterior “fabric” or “membrane” which separates the building’s interior from the exterior environment. The purpose of this course is to examine this surface from both a technical and a formal perspective. The study of this critical aspect of building technology has traditionally been treated as a by-product of material and construction technology. As a result of new technologies, materials, and fabrication processes, as well as concerns about sustainability and the environment, projects like Herzog and de Meuron’s Central Signal Box Structure of 1989 began an active investigation of new formal and technical potentials of the building envelope that has come to characterize contemporary practice. It could be argued that structure, so long a dominant element of form-making in modern architecture has become secondary to surface. The locus of technical innovation in the envelope has even led to the new specialty of "Façade Engineer" within the practice of engineering and architecture.
Arch 516 Technology IV - The Environment
This course is an introduction to Heating Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems in residential and commercial buildings. Electrical and plumbing systems will also be addressed, but to a lesser degree. The course will address principles of human comfort, heat flow in buildings, types and characteristics of various HVAC equipment and air distribution types. Students will become familiar with basic HVAC concepts and will learn to select and estimate the size of an appropriate HVAC system. HVAC issues for specific building types will be discussed, along with how HVAC systems affect life safety, energy consumption and sustainability. Field trips will feature examples of relevant HVAC systems and how they integrate with architectural design. Each student’s class project will involve HVAC selection, sizing, layout and design for a specific building he/she selects. The goal is that you have sufficient ‘big picture’ understanding of MEP (mechanical / electrical / plumbing ) systems----so that you can effectively lead the design team, advise your client on options and design a building that is safe, comfortable, sustainable and affordable.
History & Theory
Arch 525 - History & Theory I (Introduction to Architectural Thinking)
This introductory course exposes students to challenges that have driven architects and theorists from the early twentieth century to the present. The course is structured around a sequence of fourteen themes that have recurred as major debates throughout architectural history. Focusing on topics, ranging from representation, to media, to politics, urbanity, or fabrication, each theme is presented as a debate between diverging viewpoints in order to expose seminal positions that have motivated both theory and practice. In weekly discussion sections, we will analyze buildings and discuss canonical texts. These sections provide opportunities for students to develop their own positions on the issues debated, and to refine their ability to make arguments. Open to non-architecture majors.
Arch 645 - History & Theory II (Pre-1890)
This course will explore the Ideal City as an imaginary object and a particularly stable program in the history of architecture always proposed as an exemplary model to be emulated, be it as a social machine, a technical accomplishment, or an esthetic desire. Latent in every ideal city is the conscious generation of rules bound by a social contract and where the city is less about repetition or regularity and more about the orchestration of urban facts, political power, and the communal obligation to live together, all of which materialized in building form. To study ideal cities, therefore, is to interrogate the acts and the instruments of social organizations that rely on a particularly architectural proposition: the plan that rules and regulates the disposition of buildings or monuments. Following a case study format, each week will consist of two lectures and a discussion session around assigned readings, topics, and issues covered in that week’s lectures.
Arch 646 - History & Theory III (1890-1968)
This course considers the history and theory of architecture and urbanism between 1890 and 1968, tracing the critical shifts in architectural thought and practice that inaugurated, constituted, and questioned architectural modernism. In particular, the course considers the development of architectural knowledge as the field engaged and contributed to the great social, political, cultural, and technological changes of the period. Organized around a series of significant case studies considered particular, designed responses to their material, intellectual, and sociopolitical context, the course elucidates the influence of contingent conditions on architectural design, but emphasizes the designer’s efforts to reinforce, reform, or transform those conditions. The course charts the ongoing attempt to account for this activity historically and theoretically and the operative role of these accounts both during the period and subsequently. Open to non-architecture majors.
Arch 652 - History & Theory IV (1968-present)
This course examines a series of recent architectural projects in the late 20th through the early 21st century, a timeframe characterized (in part) by problems of, one the one hand, the autonomy of architecture as a discipline, and on the other hand, the field's relevance to emerging social, cultural, and environmental transformations or crises. The course examines this simultaneous need for greater disciplinary expertise and broadening of interdisciplinary engagement through the rubric of “ecology.” Rather than simply instrumentalize ecology to assert a normative imperative, the course approaches it critically, as a means of retrospective and projective problematization of its objects of study. This use of ecology as an organizational and conceptual framework focuses on the relationship of relatively autonomous, finite and coherent systems within larger complexes of systems, or the environment. Both inform and transform each other; thus they are are distinct but also interdependent. Thus it may provide useful in advancing the understanding of architecture as a specific field of knowledge and distinctive way of operating within the world -- and transforming it.
Arch 623 - Professionalism & Management in Architectural Practice
ALAN FLEISHACKER & JIM FURR
Students will explore the challenges, standards, expectations and demands that apply to a design professional. They will learn how to start, organize and manage a professional firm and protect it from preventable risks. They will study how a project becomes a reality, starting with marketing and sales efforts, writing and negotiating the contracts involved, turning a design idea into reality, getting it built and handling claims. Architects, engineers and constructors who are directly involved in the construction industry provide real world profiles of their practices. Students will also do case studies of completed projects. Open to non-architecture majors.